Cryptocurrency, also known as Virtual Currency is the latest trend of technology novelty which has already raised the curiosity among the whole world. It has already become a global phenomenon that is known to most people. It is undoubtedly a huge question for all that what would be the future of Cryptocurrency in India if they want to go further with this technology. Before going to discuss about this, it is necessary to know what cryptocurrency is, as still now there are many people who are into online world but don’t have clear concept about Cryptocurrency and how it works. Majority of people including bankers, scientists, consultants, developers as well as normal people are yet not aware about it and they have very limited knowledge about this. So, let’s start with it first.
What is Cryptocurrency:
Cryptocurrency is basically a virtual or digital currency which is been designed under some technical algorithm concept, to work as a medium of exchange. This method uses cryptography to verify your transactions and make it secure as well as to control any new units of that particular cryptocurrency.
If I want to describe it in a simple yet elaborate way, then I should say that to realize any digital cash while shopping online or money transfer or any other transactions, you must need a payment network with accounts, balances and transaction facilities.
Any payment network has to solve a common problem that is, double spending. Now, here the trusted third party solution is required which is a central server to keep the records of balances and transactions. This method always requires an authority in control of your funds with all your personal details. All the transactions broadcasted in this network required to be signed off by the sender with their private key that is need to be confirmed first.
Within the cryptocurrency network, only miners can confirm about the transactions through a cryptographic puzzle solutions. They take the transactions, check whether genuine or not, and then spread them across the network. Cryptography is mainly used to secure the transactions and to control the creation of additional units of the currency. After the confirmation of the transactions by miner, every node has to add to its database and it would then become a part of the blockchain. Now, for this miners get rewarded with the token of cryptocurrency like “Bitcoins”.
How You Can Use Cryptocurrencies:
There are several different types of Cyptocurrencies including digital currencies like Bitcoins, Ripple, Litecoin etc. but Bitcoins are the most popular among all. Bitcoin which operates like a wallet has already gained significantly in the last 1 year. Today the value of 1 bitcoin has increased from $1000 from the last year to $8000 this year.
There are lots of merchants online and offline today that accept Bitcoin as the form of payment. They can be used from huge online portals to small local retailers or shops, restaurants and bars as well. It can even be used to book flight tickets, pay for hotels, apps, jewelries, computer parts and even in college degrees as well.
You can buy Bitcoin by paying the current price of the bitcoin by using your currency. Basically, it happens through a KYC process where you need to register your bank for this transaction. You can also buy or sell or trade in this currency, for example you can trade in stock market etc.
Drawbacks of CryptoCurrency and how it can effect in Indian Market:
With all the above facilities, still there is a major drawback of this Cryptocurrency for which the future of Cryptocurrency in India is still in a doubt.
- Cryptocurrencies is not being considered as a legal tender in India. China, U.S.A and many other countries are already taking the similar stand as India.
- The government in India previously banned financial organizations and banks which are being regulated by RBI to deal with cryptocurrencies.
- Investing money in Cryptocurrencies is very risky as the market price of such currencies like Bitcoin is going up and down every minute.
- Due to intangible nature of cryptocurrencies and decentralized location, it seems to be really difficult to track down the transactions with details. The payment transfer from one address to another address is appearing like some alphanumeric combinations. So, after the transaction is complete, it is not possible to track the location. This can happen with lots of illegal transactions.
- Cryptocurrencies can be used for money laundering in terrorism or any other criminal activities like selling or buying weapon, drugs etc.
- Some people are also thinking that wide usage of virtual currencies can affect the economical structure of the country and reduce the importance of banks and the current currency status of country.
Future of Cryptocurrency in India:
In the month of April, 2018, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has banned Indian banks, non-bank lenders, digital wallets and any other entities from serving any cryptocurrency or Bitcoin exchanges. RBI repeatedly spreads awareness to the users about the risks of using bitcoin or cryptocurrencies and thus they will not deal and provide any services to the business or any individuals those who want to deal with cryptocurrencies. So, that means you are not able to buy or sell cryptocurrencies in terms of INR through any banks in India. Thus, Indian cryptocurrency traders and exchanges have been upset in India.
Previously Union government already stated that cryptocurrencies would not be considered as being legal tender.
In May, a group of traders and couple of exchanges filed a legal case and moved to the Supreme Court as there was no official ban on cryptocurrencies in India. Blocking essential services like banks for cryptocurrencies exchanges is not acceptable while there is no illegal dealing.
After short hearing on July 20, the Supreme Court of India has set the Final hearing date on 11th September. The court will also articulate the decision at the end of the hearings – in terms of the cases filed by the group of traders against the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). However, the bourses are not at all happy as they need to wait for another 50 more days and each and every day matters to them because the Cryptocurrency ecosystem in India is getting affected.
However, there are several government agencies those who are interested in this cryptocurrency matter and eagerly waiting for the positive decision. So, all eyes are now on the Modi government which is working on draft regulations for this sector which is supposed to be out by September. Mr. Subhas Chandra Garg, head of the committee on the future of Cryptocurrencies in India already stated that the committee is trying to develop a template which could go with the best interest of the country. They already have a detailed discussion on what part of this business should be banned and what should be reserved and kept. So, we can see that there are also voices from government who believe that cryptocurrency could be a reality.
However, I strongly believe, that the reducing exposure to cryptocurrencies will definitely impend India’s growth in the global blockchain and crypto space. So, all we need is a proper cryptocurrency education so that we can avoid and stop any crypto scam like the Amit Bhardwaj scam. Hope we all can see a positive and improving India with great future of cryptocurrency here.
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